Traditional Chinese buildings often see these classic symbols: horse head walls, enclosed courtyards, openwork windows, vermilion gates, sculptures, sloping roofs, cornices, quadruplets, and brick-and-white wall tiles.
Ancient architecture is an important part of the urban landscape, reflecting the cultural heritage and historical atmosphere of a city. So, what lighting techniques are used in Chinese ancient architectural lighting design?
A distinctive architectural feature of Chinese traditional architecture is a large roof, but it will not appear clumsy by the processing and decoration of curved surfaces and curves.
Due to the special roof form of traditional Chinese architecture, the night lighting of the roof must be dealt with in a more focused manner so that the charm of the ancient building can be expressed. The form of the roof, the materials, and the brightly painted decorations on the brackets all have a great influence on lighting.
If the roof is tiled, small spotlights can be cast upwards at the mouth, or small spotlights can be cast down along the ridge. This not only shows the traditional roof's structural beauty, but also reflects the roof. Alice's profile. You can also use the method of sketching the roof to depict the essence of the particular shape of the roof.
Similarly, the roof ridges and other details can also be partially highlighted using compact fiber optic fixtures.
Mainly lighting the house
Although the form of the roofs of Chinese ancient buildings is exquisite, the “no lighting of the roof and the lighting of the brackets and the roof under the roof in the direction of light emission in the buried land” can be used, and the pursuit of delicate outlines is more traditional. The subtle beauty of architectural art.
There are also colonnade buildings that illuminate the inner walls of the building, allowing the outer members to form a silhouette, as well as the artistic conception of Chinese painting.
Roof and body lighting combined
Lighting up the slope roof and illuminating the column or wall of the house is also a way to express the lighting of traditional Chinese architecture.
However, the combination of lighting, it is prone to all parts of the equal lighting or all parts of the building are very bright, so pay attention to the lighting of the building lighting relationship.
Lights are arranged according to the column positions of the buildings, such as the Ming, Min, and Slight spaces, highlighting the rhythm of the columns and the rich relationship of the lower brackets. Bright parts can be used to strengthen the lighting of the upper part of the plaque.
Spotlights can also be placed on the exterior of the building. Lamps are hidden in the greenery of the surrounding environment and can even be combined with green lighting.
Chinese architectural lighting design must also meet the following three principles
1, in line with aesthetic laws
The aesthetic law of a building expresses the geometric beauty, layering, and three-dimensionality of a building based on the combination of points, lines, surfaces, light and darkness, and combinations of motion and static.
2. Reduce glare and interfere with human care
Because of the installation position, height, and projection direction of the lamps, glare may be formed, which affects people's normal nighttime rest, and also increases social security risks. Therefore, it is necessary to debug the lamp position, projection angle, and projection direction of the lamp.
3, energy saving and environmental protection design principles
Energy-saving issues must be considered when designing lighting in buildings, and long-life, high-efficiency, energy-efficient light sources, lamps, and equipment such as LEDs, fiber optics, and solar photovoltaic lighting should be used as much as possible.
For the lighting design of key historic buildings, no matter what the purpose of lighting, first of all, from the point of view of building protection, the lighting fixtures fixed in the building itself should be minimized.
The Chinese-style architecture represents our beautiful traditional feelings. The architectural night-view lighting design should be based on the different treatment methods of Chinese-style architectural art. It can express the character of the Chinese-style architecture reasonably and effectively and add color to the architecture.